Things to Know Before Traveling to Greece


Last Updated on February 24, 2024 by Grant

With sunny beaches, ancient history, and rich cultural heritage, Greece is a popular tourist destination for good reason. Our 10-day-long visit to Athens and Crete was long enough to enjoy a variety of Greek experiences but definitely left us longing to return for more! While it is a relatively easy country for Americans to visit, there are a few things you should know before traveling to Greece to make your visit a success.

Before traveling, I almost always spend an extensive amount of time researching our destination. I definitely did not do that before our trip to Greece. That’s because we went as chaperones for a school trip with EF Tours. Since everything was already planned and we knew we’d have a tour guide the entire time, I didn’t need to do much planning myself. 

Selfie at the Acropolis in Athens, Greece
Selfie at the Acropolis with Athens in the background

Yes, that was nice. But it also left me a little surprised at a few things. That’s not necessarily bad, it just was a bit of a different experience for me. If you’re like me and want to know what to expect before reaching your destination, here are a few things you should know before visiting Greece. 

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Speaking English in Greece 

English is very widely spoken in Greece, especially among middle-aged and younger folks. In fact, our tour guide estimated that about 80% of Greeks speak English. Of course, you should still know a few Greek words, as locals will always appreciate you making even a small effort to use the native language. Still, English speakers likely will not have too many problems communicating with others or reading signs around Greece.

We actually went shopping for birthday decor during our trip, as one of our students turned 18 while we were there. At the local store, every single “Happy Birthday” item was in English. That’s just the standard and what the Greeks would buy. 

A Chania street scene
On the streets of Chania in Crete… note the shop signs in English.

Additionally, you’ll find many signs, storefronts, menus, etc. are in English, though the Greek alphabet is used frequently, even for English words. Knowing the Greek alphabet (both upper case and lower case) will definitely make it easier to read signs, storefronts and other displays. 

Overall, you should definitely learn a few Greek words but don’t fret too much about the language.

At a fish spa.
Kellie, Bonnie and Jamie enjoy having their feet cleaned. Note the sign in English above their heads.

Mainland vs. the Islands

When visiting Greece, there are generally two big draws: the history and the beaches. You should definitely make a point to include time for both while you’re there.

You’ll find most of the popular historical landmarks on the mainland. In and around Athens, the Acropolis (home of the Parthenon), Delphi and the Temple of Poseidon are all must-see sights. In Greece’s second-largest city, Thessaloniki, you can learn about its history of Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman control. 

Check out our guide to visiting Athens.

Ruins at Delphi in Greece
The ruins of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi

Of course, these large cities on the mainland also hold the majority of Greece’s population. Of the nearly 11 million people living in Greece, almost half of them live in the two most-populated cities of Athens and Thessaloniki. 

If you want to escape the densely populated areas, head to the islands. But first, you’ll have to choose from the more than 200 inhabited Greek islands! The largest island is Crete, which we visited. If you’re picturing the iconic blue and white buildings, those are found on the Cycladic Islands. Two of the best-known of those islands are Santorini and Mykonos. Indeed, cruising around the Greek Islands would be a bucket-list vacation. 

Check out Grant’s article on Crete.

Ruins of Spinalonga
On Spinalonga, an island fortress off the coast of Crete

Of course, you’ll also find plenty of gorgeous beaches on the mainland and tons of history on the islands. Just be sure to allow time for both of these iconic draws of Greece. 

Greece is Affordable

Again, without doing our own research on flights, hotels, transportation, etc. I really didn’t know what to expect in terms of prices. And I suppose that to some extent, I almost always prepare for high prices when visiting popular touristy areas. I have to say, we were pleasantly surprised by the prices in Greece.

We found the prices at cafes, restaurants, shops and even grocery stores to be very reasonable. Throw in a favorable exchange rate between the US dollar and the Euro and we definitely weren’t complaining about prices.

A bottle of water will likely not be more than $1 and a coffee was roughly $2-3. Most of the meals we paid for were around $10 per person. Of course, we weren’t going anywhere fancy or ordering alcohol (remember, we were chaperoning a school trip). Still, we appreciated that even in the touristy areas, prices were usually a little less than what we find in the US.

A plate of grilled calamari
Grant’s lunch of grilled calamari was not only tasty but quite affordable.

Don’t Put Toilet Paper in the Toilet in Greece

Ok, this is the big one. And I’m very glad that our tour guide explained this on our way to our first hotel. Apparently, the plumbing system in Greece is not all that good. Thus, only human waste should be flushed down a toilet. 

In every bathroom we visited, there was a trash can next to the toilet. That’s where your toilet paper goes. Yes, all of it, whether it was for number 1 or number 2.

A toilet in Greece with a trash can beside it.
One of the nuances of Greek plumbing is that it cannot handle any kind of paper, so there is a trash can beside the toilet for all paper, including used toilet paper.

As our tour guide explained, as weird as it is to us that you don’t flush toilet paper in Greece, it’s just as weird to them that we do flush it in the US. It’s just the way things are. And, I suppose it is definitely better than dealing with the pipes backing up!

I’ll admit, I forgot the first couple of times. Or, I remembered but my muscle memory just threw the tissue in the toilet before I could stop myself. Thankfully, there were no issues with things backing up. Still, that was not something that I really wanted to test! 

A cat in Chania, Greece
Another oddity of Greece: there are a lot of feral cats, like this one in Chania.

After a couple of visits to the bathroom, I retrained myself. In fact, after we left Greece I had to remind myself that it was actually ok to put toilet paper in the toilet again!

It may take some getting used to, but it’s really not that bad. 

Bring a Reusable Bag

Carrying a reusable bag everywhere you go is not something that most Americans are used to doing. That said, I have seen more and more places moving towards not providing free bags, particularly in California and Hawaii. Personally, I love it, even if it is a little inconvenient. 

In Greece, you’ll likely need to bring your own bag or pay for a bag at most stores. This is especially true at the grocery store and the Walmart-style general store. For us, it wasn’t a big deal because we almost always carry a backpack or other decent-sized bag when traveling. And, we weren’t buying a ton of stuff.

A group of people walking towards the Acropolis.
Walking towards the Acropolis. Note: Bonnie and our fellow chaperone, Jeff, wearing backpacks.
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At the touristy souvenir shops, you’ll likely be able to get a bag without any problems. But they’ll also appreciate it if you don’t need one. 

I’m definitely learning to just carry a small, packable reusable bag pretty much everywhere. I figure that anything I can do to reduce trash and protect our environment is worth it.

Read our article on packable backpacks for hiking and travel here.

Getting Around Greece

In all but the biggest cities, you’ll probably want to rent a car. For a highly populated urban city, Athens really is not all that big and is fairly walkable. For those that don’t want to walk, taxis are plentiful. Additionally, there is a metro system, though it is notoriously slow, according to our tour guide. Still, you could probably get around Athens or other urban cities without a car. 

If you want to head outside of town, though, a rental car will make it much easier. Public transportation just isn’t quite as developed or consistent as in some other European countries. There is a decent inter-city bus line but getting information on it can be difficult. And the train system is fairly limited. 

Walking the streets of Athens
Walking the streets of Athens

To get to the islands, there is a fairly extensive ferry system. Additionally, many of the islands can be accessed via plane from Athens or other cities, which is typically a faster way to travel between the islands.

On the islands, you might need a car, depending on where you are and what you want to do. Crete is large enough that having a car would allow you to easily travel between several different cities and enjoy the countryside. On smaller islands, you might not need a car, especially if you are just enjoying one relatively small city. 

The city walls of Heraklion
Heraklion is surrounded by city wall dating back to the Venetian occupation.

We did find that all of the cities we visited on Crete were very walkable themselves. It’s really just getting between the cities that might be difficult without a car. 

Pro Tip: Make sure you have an international driver’s license before leaving your home state if you plan on renting a car anywhere overseas. 

What to Expect at the Beach

Like many European beaches, quite a few of the beaches around Greece are very rocky. Of course, there are also some quite nice sandy beaches. Still, the sand can get blisteringly hot. Whether you are on a rocky or sandy beach, having a pair of water shoes or flip-flops would make walking much more comfortable.

Episkopi Beach

Depending on where you are, you might have to pay to enter a beach (about $15-20). In other places, you might have to pay for the use of a sun bed and umbrella. We visited a couple of beaches in front of a taverna (casual restaurant). At those, the sun beds are often free as long as you order food and/or drinks. 

Overall, we found the public beaches to be on par with what you’d find at a nice resort in the US. For that reason, paying a small fee or making a point to order food seemed worth it. 

Sun beds on Episkopi Beach in Crete
Episkopi Beach in Crete

One other note: topless sunbathing is common in Europe so don’t be surprised if you spot a few topless sunbathers. That was a bit of a surprise for our students.

Expect Only In-Season Fruits and Vegetables

As a general rule, you won’t find a lot of imported fruits or vegetables in Greece. Instead, they rely mostly on in-season crops that are vine-ripened and fresh. Thus, you’ll see menus change with the seasons, depending on what is available.

In the US, we are used to finding just about any fruit or vegetable year-round. That means we might not always get it at its best. After all, it takes time to move from the field to the store. If that food has to travel a long distance, that’s taking away from its freshness.  

A bowl of fresh fruit
Fresh fruit at one of the restaurants we found near Athens.

For that reason, you’ll likely appreciate the bright, fresh flavors found in most Greek dishes. There’s just something about using fresh produce that makes everything better!

Discover a True Greek Salad

I suppose that it shouldn’t be a surprise that the American version of iconic dishes in other countries rarely is the same. That is particularly true for a Greek salad. The biggest difference: no lettuce.

That’s right, in Greece, your Greek salad will not have any lettuce. It’s just a blend of some of summer’s best vegetables: tomatoes, cucumber, peppers and onions. It’ll be topped with oregano, olive oil and a block of feta cheese.

Greek salad
Greek salad

Speaking of feta… that crumbly stuff we easily find in the US tastes almost nothing like authentic Greek feta. Good Greek feta cheese will be much less salty and more creamy than crumbly. 

Despite the fact that I really don’t like tomatoes, I absolutely love everything else in a Greek salad. I think our trip to Greece definitely turned me into a Greek salad snob and I’m ok with that!

Historical vs. Modern Architecture

In Greece, you’ll find an interesting mix of historical and modern architecture. But, one thing that’s missing is Renaissance architecture. I suppose that’s because of the storied history of the country and its years of control by various different groups.

Temple of Poseidon
Temple of Poseidon

There are many ancient ruins all around the country. And there is plenty of new, modern design, especially in the big cities. But you don’t find a lot of the fancy cathedrals that are prevalent in Italy or France. It’s more of understated beauty. 

This is not a bad thing, it’s just different from our other travels in Europe.

Final Thoughts on Visiting Greece

While our trip to Greece was fantastic, it was definitely too short to learn everything there is to know about Greece. Still, with a little over a week in and around Athens and several different cities on Crete, we experienced a lot. Our goal is always to share our experiences to make your travels easier and more relaxing.

Selfie at Episkopi Beach
Selfie at Episkopi Beach

Greece has a long and varied history that is easily seen and experienced all around the country.  It’s also home to some gorgeous beaches and picturesque small towns. Hopefully, our tips and advice will help you make the most of your visit to Greece and enjoy all that this wonderful country has to offer. 

Travel Resources
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Who do you use for rental cars?

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How about booking a cruise?

We have found some amazing prices for booking a cruise through Cruise Direct. We have saved a lot of money on our cruises compared to what we found elsewhere, making a last-minute Bahamas cruise even cheaper.
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What if I want to rent an RV?

We highly recommend Outdoorsy for RV rentals. We rented a camper van for a week to visit Rocky Mountain National Park for the elk rut and Custer State Park for the Buffalo Round-Up and had a blast. The program was easy to use and we really enjoyed the freedom of having a camper van for that trip.
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We don’t often book tours. Typically, we like to do stuff on our own. That said, there are some experiences you can’t have any other way. So, when we do want to book a tour, we always check Viator first.
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Do you use anything to get discounts on the road?

We make extensive use of both Good Sam and AAA on the road. Good Sam is normally regarded as a discount card for RVers at campgrounds and Camping World but anyone can use the 5 cents off a gallon at the pump at both Pilot and Flying J.
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We have had AAA as long as we have been married and it has more than paid for itself in discounts at hotels, aside from the peace of mind of having roadside assistance. Add in paper maps and the ability to get an international driver’s license and it is more than worth it for any traveler out there.
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